Open Science is a new approach to academic research, based on collaborative work and new ways of disseminating and sharing knowledge using digital technologies. Open Science provides wider publics with access to the results and benefits of knowledge produced by the science and technology system, reinforcing the social responsibility element of scientific research. This new approach has been promoted at the level of European science policy (European Commission), in initiatives such as the OpenAIRE and FOSTER projects, and at the national level in Portugal through the Ciência Aberta (Open Science) website developed with the support of the Secretary of State for Science and Technology.
Open Science is one of the topics highlighted in the Innovation Policy Platform, which monitors innovation policies and practices in various countries. University associations like the EUA – European University Association and the Association of Commonwealth Universities have also addressed the issue, and have devoted an annual conference to it. A number of universities have made a firm commitment to opening up scientific research to society. Examples of this are:
• The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) blog on the impact of the social sciences
• The University of Utrecht’s Innovations in Scholarly Communication project
• The Open University’s open science laboratory
• The VSNU Dutch Universities’ Association’s Open Access newsletter
• The University of Oxford podcast
• The University of Lille’s scientific culture activities
• The Opening Science platform launched by the Berlin Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG)
• The University of Vienna’s Responsible Research and Innovation platform
• The SocArXiv open archive of the social sciences maintained by the University of Maryland
Open science is a priority in the strategic development of ICS. Through it ICS seeks to provide open access to: its researchers’ academic publications; publishing platforms it hosts or with which it collaborates; data and information series developed within research projects and programmes; and to encourage the general public to communicate with and be involved in academic research.
The ICS ULisboa, is a university institution dedicated to research and advanced studies in the social sciences. Its mission is to study today’s societies, with a particular focus on Portugal and the societies and cultures with which Portugal has historic ties, in Europe or elsewhere. Its activities are conducted in an interdisciplinary context, in 7 Research Groups.